The vast majority of dogs like the taste of candy, especially chocolate flavor. Cats are, however, much less sweet foods fans. Chocolate contains a methylxanthine (theobromine) that is toxic to dogs if consumed in large quantities.

In food are commonly three methylxanthine compounds which are caffeine, theophylline and theobromine. Caffeine is the most abundant compound in coffee, tea and cola drinks. Theobromine is the most abundant in cocoa and chocolate. Xanthine compounds act mainly in the central nervous system in the cardiovascular system, the kidneys, in smooth muscle and in skeletal muscle. Theobromine acts as a particularly smooth muscle relaxant, Aa dilator. coronary heart stimulant and diuretic.

The toxicity of theobromine is usually not a clinical problem in dogs, but the dog is extremely sensitive to the physiological effects of theobromine. Less than 100 grams in a medium-sized dog can be fatal. Presenciade Symptoms of theobromine in dogs include vomiting, diarrhea, panting, restlessness, increased urination or urinary incontinence and muscle tremors. Generally the dogs like the taste of chocolate and their owners can occasionally give a chocolate or chocolate-containing foods such as special treat. If the dog chocolate intake is strictly limited to this treat occasionally, there will be no danger of toxicity of theobromine, yet other factors should be considered harmful as dental caries.

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